...Water is wet. I am reminded of studies of dog behavior that provide evidence for things that dog people have always known. They provide some value, in that without scientific evidence naysayers can just claim 'Well, you can't prove that.' In the same vein, a new study shows credulous people (those who nod knowingly when they hear deepities like the word mush dished out by Deepak Chopra and other religious leaders) and those exhibit the Dunning-Kruger effect are also more likely to believe fake news stories.
People who overclaim their level of knowledge and are impressed by pseudo-profound bullshit are also more likely to believe fake news, according to new research published in the Journal of Personality.
“I’ve long had an interest in the pitfalls (and strengths) of human reasoning and had published some work on why people fall for bullshit,” explained study author Gordon Pennycook, an assistant professor at the University of Regina.
In three studies of 1,606 participants recruited via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk, the researchers found that people who viewed bullshit statements to be profound were more likely to view fake news headlines as accurate.
The participants judged the accuracy of a variety of fake and real news headlines. Participants who had a tendency to claim to be familiar with things that didn’t actually exist or that couldn’t be known were also more likely to view fake news as accurate.
Those who scored higher on a measure of analytic thinking, on the other hand, tended to be less susceptible to believing fake news headlines.
“Reasoning errors are (often) not random. There are systematic differences between people in terms of how they approach content on social media,” Pennycook told PsyPost.
“We have only looked at a thin slice of the larger bullshit pie (apologies for the gross imagery),” Pennycook added. “There are a lot of deceptive and false types of claims that people have to contend with (particularly in the internet age), and I would consider this a preliminary look into the issue.”
A PDF version of the full paper can be seen by using the link at this site.
So fans of say, Jordan Peterson, for example, might be more prone to believe fake news...
"His primary rules were: never allow the public to cool off; never admit a fault or wrong; never concede that there may be some good in your enemy; never leave room for alternatives; never accept blame; concentrate on one enemy at a time and blame him for everything that goes wrong; people will believe a big lie sooner than a little one; and if you repeat it frequently enough people will sooner or later believe it." —From the OSS’s psychological profile of Adolf Hitler